iBrain : surviving the technological alteration of the modern mind, by Gary Small and Gigi Vorgan, is now on the new book shelf.
The authors present a different perspective from Born Digital (in the main library), and you might like to read both.
Keep in mind that the human brain has been evolving for eons (Brain Evolution and Cognition is a good book for that review), and the technological advances now challenging the modern mind are very recent developments. For a reminder of our evolutionary past - and the persistence of certain behavioral responses despite the course of human history - listen to the rebroadcast of Morality from WNYC's Radio Lab. Included in that segment is a fascinating look inside the brains of individuals caught in a moral dilemma, showing that human brains are remarkably similar (in some respects) to our closest primate relatives.